Most of us have been raised with pretty simplistic ideas about sex and gender. Namely, that there are two sexes, male and female, and that they align with two genders, man and woman. But with the increased visibility of transgender, gender non-conforming, and nonbinary folks, many people are beginning to understand that the categories of sex and gender are far more complicated. Society typically tells us that there are two sexes: male and female. You may also be familiar with the fact that some people are intersex , or have a difference of sexual development DSD.
Sex and gender: What is the difference?
Sex and gender distinction - Wikipedia
Different terms are regularly used in theories of sexuality and gender, for example sex, gender, gender identity, gender expressions, gender roles, sexual orientation. It is important to be clear about the meanings of such terms. Gender is an area that cuts across thinking about society, law, politics and culture , and it is frequently discussed in relation to other aspects of identity and social position, such as class, ethnicity, age and physical ability. Gender is also an important concept within a range of social and political debates and may influence these debates differently according to cultural context. These are examples of how gender can be misunderstood and politicised. A number of definitions have been put forward by different organisations.
Sex and gender distinction
These individuals might refer to themselves as transgender, non-binary, or gender-nonconforming. The differences between male and female sexes are anatomical and physiological. For instance, male and female genitalia, both internal and external are different. Similarly, the levels and types of hormones present in male and female bodies are different.
The distinction between sex and gender differentiates a person's sex the anatomy of an individual's reproductive system , and secondary sex characteristics from that person's gender , which can refer to either social roles based on the sex of the person gender role or personal identification of one's own gender based on an internal awareness gender identity. In ordinary speech, sex and gender are often used interchangeably. Some languages, such as German or Finnish, have no separate words for sex and gender, and the distinction has to be made through context.